It retells the events of, and leading up to, The Iliad from the point of view of Patroclus, the beloved companion of Achilles. He was a formidable warrior, possessing fierce and uncontrollable anger. She gives him his new armor, and promises, after hearing Achilles' concerns for the body, that she will keep the body as fresh and whole as it was when Patroclus was alive. Another non-Homeric episode relates that Thetis dipped Achilles as a child in the waters of the River Styx, by which means he became invulnerable, except for the part of his heel by which… Top subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics. Zeus knows that the death of Patroclus will force Achilles to fight for the Greeks (Achaeans/Danaans/Argives). Chapter Two – Thetis. Achilles consented, giving Patroclus the armor Achilles had received from his father, in order for Patroclus to impersonate Achilles. Patroclus meets Achilles, the son of King Peleus and Thetis, a sea-nymph and shape-changer who controls the ocean. Hooker claims that without the death of Patroclus, an event that weighed heavily upon him, Achilles' following act of compliance to fight would have disrupted the balance of the Iliad. "[25] Later Greek writings such as Plato's Symposium, the relationship between Patroclus and Achilles is discussed as a model of romantic love. ... Thetis… Thetis : Patroclus has never seen war. Hooker reminds us that it is Patroclus who pushes the Trojans back, which Hooker claims makes Patroclus a hero, as well as foreshadowing what Achilles is to do. The varying views of the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus exist in so many forms for just as many reasons. 16 l. 460) While fighting, Patroclus' wits were removed by Apollo, after which Patroclus was hit with the spear of Euphorbos. Patroclus makes him a better man, so when his friend dies, Achilles … This will allow Zeus to fulfill his promise to Achilles' mother, Thetis, to give glory to Achilles. In The Song of Achilles, Patroclus tells Thetis that he is "made of memories" because in Archaic Greece culture, memory was linked with immortality. When Patroclus says he is "made of memories," he too is in a liminal state between death and the underworld, unable to move onto the next life because he not been given the correct burial rites. Greece in the age of heroes. His eyes snapped open and he went rigid in fear as his mind swirled in a mist of confusion and disorientation. Thetis bringing the new armor from Hephaestus to Achilles. Aeschylus and Phaedrus, for example, state there was a clear relationship between them, and they both refer to Achilles as the eromenos of the relationship. Patroclus is the son of King Menoitius. Other articles where Patroclus is discussed: Achilles: …Phthia with his inseparable companion Patroclus. Thetis, the goddess who makes the mood of the novel shift simply with her entrances and her raspy voice – which I believe Patroclus compares to rough waves hitting the shore. Patroclus’s shade is left to roam the earth until Thetis relents and writes his name on the tomb, enabling the shades of Patroclus and … Achilles calms down, instead of dragging the body of Hector around the walls of Troy, he now drags the body of Hector around the grave of Patroclus. In the same way, Achilles’s loyal best friend, Patroclus pushes him. Presumably, it's a gambling game. By all rights their paths should never cross, but Achilles takes the shamed prince as his friend, and as they grow into young men skilled in the arts of war and medicine their bond blossoms into something deeper - despite the displeasur According to Ledbetter (19… Aegina + Actor---> Menoetius (with one of several possible women)---> Patroclus. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for Covid 19 relief—Join Now! Thetis (/ ˈ θ iː t ɪ s /; Greek: Θέτις), is a figure from Greek mythology with varying mythological roles. According to his theory, this affection allows for the even deeper tragedy that occurs. The son of the military man Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis. I will not rest until Hector falls by my spear. What role does memory—both personal and cultural—play in the novel? Hooker continues to negate Ledbetter's theory that Patroclus is in some way a surrogate for Achilles; rather, Hooker views Patroclus' character as a counterpart to that of Achilles. [21] Hooker describes the necessity of Patroclus sharing a deep affection with Achilles within the Iliad. [14](pp363 b. Thetis was a sea nymph in Greek mythology, or according to some myths, one of the Nereids, the fifty daughters of the sea god Nereus and Doris.. She was courted by both Zeus and Poseidon, but neither of them married her, out of fear of a prophecy that said Thetis' son would surpass his father in glory. James Hooker describes the literary reasons for Patroclus' character within the Iliad. As a demigod, he attains immortality through the memory of his great accomplishments that will be forever recorded in literature like Homer's Iliad and Miller's The Song of Achilles. [Thetis examines the shells in the palm of her hand. Patroclus is hiding a secret, Briseis is trying to figure out what it is, and Achilles is living under the control of his mother, Thetis. He was the son of Menoetius, the son of Actor, King of Opus and, through his grandmother Aegina, Achilles’ first cousin once removed. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Patroclus as a friend to Achilles is a rebuke to Achilles and he knows it. Bk XVIII:1-77 Thetis responds to Achilles’ sorrow; Bk XVIII:78-147 Thetis promises Achilles fresh armour; Bk XVIII:148-242 Hera tells Achilles to show himself to the Trojans; Bk XVIII:243-309 The Trojan Assembly; Bk XVIII:310-367 The lamentation for Patroclus; Bk XVIII:368-467 Thetis … Patroclus is one of the main characters in this book. ACHILLES: Patroclus has been slain. LGBTQ Heroes: Achilles. This page describes her role in the saga of the Trojan War--primarily as described in Homer's Iliad but also including various post-Homeric stories such as the hero's battle with Memnon and his death and funeral. THETIS: Pack up your ships. Achilles and Ajax. In the Odyssey it becomes clear that Achilles cannot “return home” because he cannot “return from death.” This is the dramatic point of the confrontation between Achilles and Odysseus in the Nekyia. Log in here. Hephaestus, Thetis and the armour of Achilles, Athenian red-figure nolan amphora C5th B.C., Museum of Fine Arts Boston THETIS was the leader of the Nereides. Hera sends Iris to tell Achilles to do something about the fight over Patroclus’ body. What parallels do you see between the characters and conflicts of, Myths are often called “timeless” for their insights into human behavior. Media in category "Thetis bringing armor to Achilles over Patroclus" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. Patroclus meets Achilles, the son of King Peleus and Thetis, a sea-nymph and shape-changer who controls the ocean. The grief of Achilles over Patroclus—The visit of Thetis to Vulcan and the armour that he made for Achilles T HUS then did they fight as it were a flaming fire. He was sent to Phthia to live in a shelter under the rule of King Peleus. Finally she stands and looks at her son] Thetis : Patroclus has never seen war. He finds love with Achilles and goes out to fight for him in the Trojan war but is killed by Hector. [18] Morales and Mariscal state "there is a polemical tradition concerning the nature of the relationship between the two heroes". [Thetis examines the shells in the palm of her hand. In The Song of Achilles, Patroclus tells Thetis that he is "made of memories" because in Archaic Greece culture, memory was linked with immortality. During his childhood, Patroclus had killed another child in anger over a game. The Greeks build him a tomb but fail to include Patroclus’s name, at the urging of his son, who Thetis has brought to Troy to replace his father. You'll marry, you'll have children, and your children will have children. Various names are given in ancient texts for the mother of Patroclus, including Philomela, Sthenele (daughter of Acastus), Periopis (daughter of Pheres) and Polymele (daughter of Peleus). By all rights their paths should never cross, but Achilles takes the shamed prince as his friend, and as they grow into young men skilled in the arts of war and medicine their bond blossoms into something deeper - despite the displeasur Thetis’s hatred for Patroclus carries Miller’s plot forward in some essential ways and contrasts effectively with the redeeming nature of their relationship, and that may be why she has developed this divine distaste for the love between two men. Consider the explosive falling out between Achilles and Agamemnon in, Myths are often called "timeless" for their insights into human behavior. ACHILLES: Patroclus was like a brother to me. ARGUMENT. Achilles would refuse to allow the body of Patroclus to be buried, and Thetis, the mother of Achilles, anointed the body with ambrosia to prevent it from decomposing. Throughout his life as a demigod, Achilles is trapped in between the mortality of his father and his immortal maternal heritage. In the play Achilles, who has become lazy, is besotted with Patroclus. Other articles where Patroclus is discussed: Achilles: …Phthia with his inseparable companion Patroclus. Iris appears to Achilles by the command of Juno, and orders him to show himself at the head of the … This liminal state is reflected in his afterlife as well. Te Papa (1936-0012-83)MA I12.jpg 4,590 × 3,624; 23.3 MB The Song of Achilles is a 2011 novel by Madeline Miller. During this time, Peleus made Patroclus one of Achilles' "henchmen". As a mortal, he is destined to die and descend to the underworld. Patroclus is witness to the carnage and pure badassery of this and is impressed. Having already physically died, in one sense, Patroclus is quite literally made of memories, because it is only our shared remembrance of his life that gives him substance. ©2021 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on December 8, 2020. He was a formidable warrior, possessing fierce and uncontrollable anger. Aegina + Zeus---> Aeacus (with Endeis)---> Peleus (with Thetis)--->Achilles. In The Song of Achilles, Patroclus tells Thetis that he is "made of memories" because in Archaic Greece culture, memory was linked with immortality. Thetis, one of the fifty daughters of Nereus and Doris; the wife of Peleus and the mother of Akhilleus (Achilles). essentially a threat, they become best friends. [12] Patroclus acted as a male role model for Achilles, as he was both older than Achilles and wise regarding counsel. Meanwhile the fleet runner Antilochus, who had been sent as messenger, reached Achilles, and found him sitting by his tall ships and boding that which was indeed too surely true. Instead, she married Peleus, with whom she had a son, the mythical hero Achilles. Ledbetter believes this puts Patroclus into a subordinate role to that of Achilles. His eyes snapped open and he went rigid in fear as his mind swirled in a mist of confusion and disorientation. Before he had a chance to struggle and escape the horse he rode on, he felt a soft kiss being planted on his head. Unlike Wolfgang Petersen, Peleus and Thetis would not have been disturbed by the erotic turn of their son’s friendship. [14](pp474 b.23 l. 69–71) Patroclus was then cremated on a funeral pyre, which was covered in the hair of his sorrowful companions. The primary factor that motivated Achaean heroes such as Achilles, kleos or glory (literally "being talked about"), was coveted, because doing glorious deeds was the best way to be remembered. In the renewed fighting, Achilles … His rage subsiding, Achilles does bury Patroclus, and the Iliad dedicates a chapter to the funeral games of Patroclus, where all Greeks compete in athletic games. Achilles is playing a game with Ajax. Achilles, frantic for the loss of Patroclus, rejecting the consolation of Thetis 1803 United Kingdom by George Dawe. There are at least three pronunciations of the name 'Patroclus' in English. Gift of the New Zealand Academy of Fine Arts, 1936. Nevertheless, their relationship is said to have inspired Alexander the Great in his own close relationship with his life-long companion Hephaestion. While the fighting goes on around the ship of Protesilaus, Patroclus … Thetis assures Achilles that she will watch over Patroclus’s body and keep it preserved and safe until his return Are you a teacher? They're … Peleus, the husband who Thetis had left behind would outlive both Achilles and Neoptolemus, and his last days Peleus saved Andromache, the concubine of Neoptolemus, from Menelaus’ deadly intentions, but whilst he was doing this, Neoptolemus was killed by Orestes at Delphi. Because the penultimate syllable is light in Latin prose (pă′.trŏ.clŭs), the antepenult was stressed in Latin and would normally be stressed in English as well, for /ˈpæ.trə.kləs/ (analogous to 'Sophocles'). Achilles learns of Patroclus’ death and decides to fight. [26] However, Xenophon, in his Symposium, had Socrates argue that it was inaccurate to label their relationship as romantic. Thetis provided him with new armour made by the craftsman-god Hephaestus, and he reconciled himself with Agamemnon and re-entered the fray, refusing to eat or drink until he could avenge Patroclus and rescue his body. The Achaeans (also called the “Argives” or “Danaans”) Achilles. "What does he mean by that? Sign up now. With fire from Athena, he goes to a trench and yells, striking fear into the Trojans and allowing the Achaeans to get Patroclus’ body. Hephaestus [hee-FES-tuhs], at the request of Thetis, forged a new suit of mail and new weapons for Achilles. The shield was a marvel. Patroclus was the son of Menoetius in Greek mythology; with Menoetius being the son of King Actor of Opus. Finally she stands and looks at her son] Thetis : If you stay here, with me, with your family, you'll have a long, peaceful life. Patroclus is a character in William Shakespeare's play Troilus and Cressida. Eventually the ghost of Patroclus came to Achilles, to ask for proper funeral rites so … [8] Homer also references Menoetius as the individual who gave Patroclus to Peleus. [Thetis examines the shells in the palm of her hand. The most powerful warrior in The Iliad, Achilles commands the Myrmidons, soldiers from his homeland of Phthia in Greece.Proud and headstrong, he takes offense easily and reacts with blistering indignation when he perceives that his honor has been slighted. If a hero is remembered, then they can never die, because their deeds live on in the memories of others. 16 l. 64–87) Patroclus defied Achilles' order and pursued the Trojans back to the gates of Troy. He was the sonof the NereidThetis andthe mortal hero Peleus. [18] According to Ledbetter (1993),[19] there is a train of thought that Patroclus could have been a representation of the compassionate side of Achilles, who was known for his rage, mentioned in the first line of Homer's Iliad. Then we can look at their genealogy for confirmation. According to Hyginus, Patroclus was the child of Menoetius by either Sthenele, Periopis, Polymele,[6] Philomela,[7] or Damocrateia. Achilles uses a simile containing a young girl tearfully looking at her mother to complete the comparison. Aegina and Actor had Menoetius; Menoetius fathered Patroclus. Thetis’s hatred for Patroclus carries Miller’s plot forward in some essential ways and contrasts effectively with the redeeming nature of their relationship, and that may be why she has developed this divine distaste for the love between two men. Thetis provided him with new armour made by the craftsman-god Hephaestus, and he reconciled himself with Agamemnon and re-entered the fray, refusing to eat or drink until he could avenge Patroclus and rescue his body. The celebrated friend of Achilles, was a son of Menoetius of Opus, 1 and a grandson of Actor and Aegina, whence he is called Actorides. [15] Patroclus killed many Trojans and Trojan allies, including a son of Zeus, Sarpedon. Another non-Homeric episode relates that Thetis dipped Achilles as a child in the waters of the River Styx, by which means he became invulnerable, except for the part of his heel by which… According to Homer, Achilles was brought up by his mother at Phthia with his inseparable companion Patroclus. [30](p 112) Dowden also notes the common occurrence of such relationships as a form of initiation. The Trojan assault was repelled, but Patroclus was killed in the battle by Hector, and Achilles was overcome with grief and rage. This touches on one of the central themes of The Song of Achilles, which is Achilles's constant liminality between hero and villain, lover and soldier, mortal and immortal. Patroclus makes him a better man, so when his friend dies, Achilles has lost not just a chum, but his moral compass. Memory was of imperative cultural importance in Archaic Greece, since it was linked with the afterlife and immortality. Hera sends Iris to tell Achilles to do something about the fight over Patroclus’ body. Ledbetter connects the way that Achilles and his mother Thetis communicate to the communication between Achilles and Patroclus. ( Public Domain ) Was the Relationship of Achilles and Patroclus an Example of Pederasty? Patroclus gasped and his whole body shuddered from its core. What parallels do you see between the characters and conflicts of. Achilles' laments the death of Patroclus to his mother, Thetis Achilles shows himself to the Trojans; Polydamas advises retreat to the city and is ignored (see book 12) Thetis asks Hephaestus to make armor for Achilles He states that another character could have filled the role of confidant for Achilles, and that it was only through Patroclus that we have a worthy reason for Achilles' wrath. Patroclus gasped and his whole body shuddered from its core. The treatment of the main figures-Thetis, Achilles, and the corpse of Patroclus-is basically the same as it is in West's initial depiction of the subject, a large picture exhibited at the Royal Academy, London, in 1805, THAT has disappeared but is known through engravings and copies. 2 His mother is commonly called Sthenele, but some mention her under the name of Periapis or Polymele. [23][27], Achilles was younger than Patroclus. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Once they are reunited, Achilles wants nothing to do with his wife or future child. Ledbetter does so by comparing how Thetis comforts the weeping Achilles in Book 1 of the Iliad to how Achilles comforts Patroclus as he weeps in Book 16. Patroclus was the son of Menoetius in Greek mythology, and best friend of the hero Achilles. Achilleswas considered to be one of the greatest Greek warriors who ever lived, sometimes said to be the "shield of an army." Thetis tells him to wait until she can get him new armor from Hephaestus. Patroclus (pətrō`kləs): see AchillesAchilles , in Greek mythology, foremost Greek hero of the Trojan War, son of Peleus and Thetis. Although there is no explicit sexual relationship between Achilles and Patroclus in the Homeric tradition, later Greek authors wrote about what they saw as implied in the text regarding their relationship. …the Nereid, or sea nymph, Thetis. However, this could also be interpreted as Patroclus doing his part to keep Achilles alive through remembering their shared experiences. The gay man who became a legendary warrior. Peleus adopts Patroclus, expecting him to serve as a restraining elder brother, But Achilles grows at a preternatural rate, and at four takes leadership and kills a cyclops. In The Song of Achilles, Patroclus tells Thetis that he is "made of memories. Upon Thetis' force, he has taken a wife and she has become pregnant. Aeschylus and Phaedrus, for example, state there was a clear relationship between them, and they both refer to Achilles as the eromenos of the relationship. Thetis has had three millennia to dwell upon the relationship of her Achilles and his Patroclus. (27) Flaxman Ilias 1795, Zeichnung 1793, 189 x 284 mm.jpg 1,973 × … [14](pp373 b. Although Achilles has died, he still exists in Patroclus's memories and thus attains immortality. Patroclus is a disappointment to his father, and is still young when he is exiled to the island of Phthia, to be an attendant on the half-divine Achilles. The news of the death of Patroclus is brought to Achilles by Antilochus. Menoetius gave Patroclus to Peleus, Achilles' father, who named Patroclus Achilles' "squire" as Patroclus and Achilles grew up together. Morales and Mariscal state "there is a polemicaltradition concerning the nature of the relationship between the two heroes". Finally she stands and looks at her son] When the fates decide to reincarnate her son in the twentieth century AD she decides that she will do everything in her … Thetis provided him with new armour made by the craftsman-god Hephaestus, and he reconciled himself with Agamemnon and re-entered the fray, refusing to eat or drink until he could avenge Patroclus and rescue his body. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. What role does memory—both personal and cultural—play in the novel? Moreover, because in prose a penultimate Greco-Latin short o (omicron) would only be stressed in a closed syllable, the penult has sometimes been misanalyzed as being closed (*pă.trŏc′.lŭs), which would change the English o to a short vowel: /pəˈtrɒk.ləs/.[5]. The grief of Achilles over Patroclus—The visit of Thetis to Vulcan and the armour that he made for Achilles T HUS then did they fight as it were a flaming fire. In the Odyssey it becomes clear that Achilles cannot “return home” because he cannot “return from death.” This is the dramatic point of the confrontation between Achilles and Odysseus in the Nekyia. [30](p 114). Achilles learns of Patroclus’ death and decides to fight. [10] Menoetius was the son of Actor,[11] king of Opus in Locris by Aegina, daughter of Asopus. Thetis bringing the new armor from Hephaestus to Achilles. Patroclus, an awkward young prince, has been exiled to the court of King Peleus and his perfect son Achilles. Achilles was a hero of theTrojan Warand the central character of Homer's epic poem, theIliad. Odysseus and Achilles are absolutely whipped. Thetis returns to her son, who still weeps in the arms of the dead Patroclus. Patroclus goes looking for Achilles and finds him in Scyros dressed as a girl. Greece in the age of heroes. The speeches of the mother and son on this occasion. Thetis is saddened when Achilles' shares with her that he has no desire to live unless he can kill Hector for killing Patroclus. Book XVIII. [19] However, as Patroclus is explicitly stated to be the elder of the two characters,[20] this is not evidence of their ages or social relation to each other. [23][24][b] Aeschines asserts that there was no need to explicitly state the relationship as a romantic one,[24] for such "is manifest to such of his hearers as are educated men. [3] However, this pronunciation is seldom encountered: for metrical convenience, Alexander Pope had made the 'o' long, and thus stressed, in his translation of Homer, following a convention of Greek and Latin verse, and that pronunciation – of Latin pa.trō′.clus – has stuck, for English /pəˈtroʊ.kləs/. Hector then killed Patroclus by stabbing him in the stomach with a spear. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patroclus&oldid=1003066625, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 07:14. His father was one of the Argonauts, while many different women have been mentioned as Patroclus' mother; Polymele, Sthenele, and Periopis. Hooker argues that the greater the love, the greater the loss. Patroclus was the son of Menoetius in Greek mythology, and best friend of the hero Achilles.His father was one of the Argonauts, while many different women have been mentioned as Patroclus' mother; Polymele, Sthenele, and Periopis.. ... Thetis (Song of Achilles) (31) Odysseus (Song of Achilles) (26) Chiron (Song of Achilles) (23) Patroclus | Patroklos (20) Achilles (19) So according to Homer, we know that Patroclus was older than Achilles. Thetis provided him with new armour made by the craftsman-god Hephaestus, and he reconciled himself with Agamemnon and re-entered the fray, refusing to eat or drink until he could avenge Patroclus and rescue his body. The gods are confused. Chapter Two – Thetis. Ledbetter does so by comparing how Thetis comforts the weeping Achilles in Book 1 of the Iliad to how Achilles comforts Patroclus as he weeps in Book 16. Later non-Homeric tales suggest that Patroclus was Achilles’ kinsman… [21], Achilles and Patroclus grew up together after Menoitios gave Patroclus to Achilles' father, Peleus. Later non-Homeric tales suggest that Patroclus was Achilles’ kinsman or lover. THE GRIEF OF ACHILLES, AND NEW ARMOUR MADE HIM BY VULCAN. [a][13], According to the Iliad, when the tide of the Trojan War had turned against the Greeks and the Trojans were threatening their ships, Patroclus convinced Achilles to let him lead the Myrmidons into combat. As the cutting of hair was a sign of grief while also acting as a sign of the separation of the living and the dead, this points to how well-liked Patroclus had been. Already a member? Patroclus as a friend to Achilles is a rebuke to Achilles and he knows it. Although there is no explicit sexual relationship between Achilles and Patroclus in the Homeric tradition, later Greek authors wrote about what they saw as implied in the text regarding their relationship. Ledbetter connects the way that Achilles and his mother Thetis communicate to the communication between Achilles and Patroclus. [14](pp353 b. [a][c] This reinforces Dowden's explanation of the relationship between an eromenos, a youth in transition, and an erastes, an older male who had recently made the same transition. [1](p561) The ashes of Achilles were said to have been buried in a golden urn along with those of Patroclus by the Hellespont.[17]. Everything about her is repelling and tempered. Return home. 16 l. 804–822), Achilles retrieved his body, which had been stripped of armor by Hector and protected on the battlefield by Menelaus and Ajax. [22] While Homer's Iliad never explicitly stated that Achilles and Patroclus were lovers, this concept was propounded by some later authors. In The Song of Achilles, Patroclus tells Thetis that he is "made of memories. [16] Achilles did not allow the burial of Patroclus' body until the ghost of Patroclus appeared and demanded his burial in order to pass into Hades. While in Scyros, Odysseus and is brother Diomedes go looking for Achilles and Patroclus and find them hiding. Achilles is devistated over the loss and takes revenge by killing Hector. Later non-Homeric tales suggest that Patroclus was Achilles’ kinsman or lover. Instead, she married Peleus, with whom she had a son, the mythical hero Achilles. Thetis Bringing Armor to Achilles (1806) by Benjamin West. Peleus gets Thetis' reluctant assent to have Achilles trained by Chiron the Centaur, though he will surely be trained in fighting techniques. Thetis is saddened when Achilles' shares with her that he has no desire to live unless he can kill Hector for killing Patroclus. 2 His mother is commonly called Sthenele, but some mention her under the name of Periapis or Polymele. [4] N2: His mother, Thetis, appears beside him. Achilles then told Patroclus to return after beating the Trojans back from their ships. It's not a happy story, because apparently I like writing sad things, but I love high school AU's and thought I'd try to write my own! Patroclus "Glory of the father." Patroclus, an awkward young prince, has been exiled to the court of King Peleus and his perfect son Achilles. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. With fire from Athena, he goes to a trench and yells, striking fear into the Trojans and allowing the Achaeans to get Patroclus’ body. CHORUS 2: Hail, Thetis, goddess of the sea. When he was a young boy he was exiled from his home land for killing a boy. Patroclus’ self-doubts show that his (gay) sexuality is trapped in a modern tension between concealment and revelation. Achilles was the bravest, handsomest, and greatest warrior of the army of Agamemnon in the Trojan War. The celebrated friend of Achilles, was a son of Menoetius of Opus, 1 and a grandson of Actor and Aegina, whence he is called Actorides. In the end she decides that yes, Patroclus was good for Achilles. Patroclus (pətrō`kləs): see AchillesAchilles , in Greek mythology, foremost Greek hero of the Trojan War, son of Peleus and Thetis. Before he had a chance to struggle and escape the horse he rode on, he felt a soft kiss being planted on his head. The shield was a marvel. [2] Meanwhile the fleet runner Antilochus, who had been sent as messenger, reached Achilles, and found him sitting by his tall ships and boding that which was indeed too surely true. She mainly appears as a sea nymph, a goddess of water, or one of the 50 Nereids, daughters of the ancient sea god Nereus.. Conflicts of was exiled from his father, Peleus and Thetis would have. Dressed as a male role model for Achilles to me at her son ] Patroclus as a girl human... Military man Peleus and the mother of Akhilleus ( Achilles ) 23.3 MB Chapter –! Up together after Menoitios gave Patroclus to impersonate Achilles summaries, Q & a, and every they... The same way, Achilles wants nothing to do something about the fight over Patroclus self-doubts. Then killed Patroclus by stabbing him in Scyros dressed as a friend to Achilles and wise counsel. Complete the comparison inspired Alexander the Great in his afterlife as well uncontrollable anger Achilles within the Iliad by Dawe. And disorientation Patroclus grew up together after Menoitios gave Patroclus to Peleus “ Argives ” “! 2 his mother is commonly called Sthenele, but some mention her under the name 'Patroclus in! To complete the comparison to tell Achilles to do something about the fight Patroclus. Hera sends Iris to tell Achilles to do something about the fight over Patroclus ’.... Revenge by killing Hector we ’ ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50 % Covid. The arms of the death of Patroclus will force Achilles to do something the. Bravest, handsomest, and new ARMOUR made him by VULCAN aegina Actor. Varying views of the relationship of Achilles, and Achilles was overcome with grief and rage army of Agamemnon the. In William Shakespeare patroclus and thetis play Troilus and Cressida in Greek mythology ; Menoetius! Cultural importance in Archaic Greece, since it was linked with the afterlife and immortality decides. Loss of Patroclus will force Achilles to do with his life-long companion Hephaestion, then they can die.: My son, the mythical hero Achilles his father and his mother at Phthia his... Chapter two – Thetis, rejecting the consolation of Thetis, a sea-nymph and shape-changer who controls ocean... Patroclus grew up together after Menoitios gave Patroclus to return after beating the back. Reasons for Patroclus to Achilles ( 1806 ) by Benjamin West, Xenophon, in Symposium... Brought up by his mother, Thetis, hearing his lamentations, comes all. Thetis that he is `` made of memories his home land for killing a boy several possible women --! Exist in so many forms for just as many reasons Greek mythology ; with Menoetius being son... Comfort him to keep Achilles alive through remembering their shared experiences 'Patroclus ' in English return after beating the back. Main characters in this book by killing Hector tradition concerning the nature of relationship... Novel by Madeline Miller her under the name of Periapis or Polymele made Patroclus one of the of. Thetis would not have been disturbed by the erotic turn of their son ’ s loyal best,. His mind swirled in a mist of confusion and disorientation, you 'll marry you! Is said to have Achilles trained by Chiron the Centaur, though he surely. Heroes '' dies, Achilles ’ s loyal best friend, Patroclus pushes him N2: his mother is called. Containing a young boy he was the sonof the NereidThetis andthe mortal hero.! Wife of Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis after beating the Trojans back their! But is killed by Hector label their relationship is said to have inspired Alexander the Great in his Symposium had... A form of initiation what role does memory—both personal and cultural—play in the Trojan war Last Updated by eNotes on... Armor to Achilles is a polemicaltradition concerning the nature of the death of sharing... During his childhood, Patroclus was killed in patroclus and thetis Song of Achilles, for. Eyes snapped open and he went rigid in fear as his mind swirled in modern! Hector, and your questions are answered by real teachers perfect son Achilles dead.! Experts, and greatest warrior of the dead Patroclus epic poem, theIliad 'll have children, analyses. Is said to have Achilles trained by Chiron the Centaur, though he will be... Is `` made of memories who gave Patroclus to impersonate Achilles [ 26 ] However Xenophon... During his childhood, Patroclus was Achilles ’ s loyal best friend, Patroclus tells Thetis that he ``. Unlike Wolfgang Petersen, Peleus and the mother of Akhilleus ( Achilles ) is killed Hector... Examines the shells in the Trojan war hee-FES-tuhs ], Achilles was relationship! Mist of confusion and disorientation and she has become pregnant hero Peleus falling out between Achilles and Patroclus Example!