Given such setbacks, alternative energy sources may not be developed in time. When the act was first created in 2010, there were three important sections from which Site C was made specifically exempt. Read about the Technical Mapping Advisory Council, a federal advisory committee. Retrieved from http://www.alaskahighwaynews.ca/, Stueck, W. (2014, November 30). Site C will therefore cause serious financial losses in the short term, with potential benefits accrued in the distant future (Ministry of Environment, 2014). The aim of our solutions is to stop the dam from being built and to encourage the BC provincial government to consider smaller, less economically risky, and less environmentally costly alternatives instead. Retrieved from http://www.bcuc.com/CorpProfile.aspx, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency. (2014). However, I would ensure I find other articles that also support the ideas from this paper before I incorporate them into my research because the article is only written by one author that could have potentially shown some bias in his research on the topic. Together, they form a precautionary framework to guide planning decisions. The federal government is required to assess environmental impacts, and social and economic feasibility of large projects where influence reaches beyond the provincial border. “Our people have a deep connection with this land because our ancestors told the stories and legends that are connected to that valley.” - Chief Liz Logan, Treaty 8 Tribal Association, testifying before the environmental impact assessment of the proposed Site C hydroelectric dam. The Department of Geography - Environment and Sustainability Program, Student Research on Environment and Sustainability Issues, http://www.bclaws.ca/EPLibraries/bclaws_new/document/ID/freeside/00_10022_01#section6, http://www.bclaws.ca/civix/document/id/complete/statreg/96473_01, https://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/050/documents/p63919/99173E.pdf, http://www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=c4dfeb43-b0ca-4af7-a98a-1e5315ee1f4e, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/lawyer-argues-bc-governments-approval-of-site-c-dam-violates-treaty-8/article24094333/. (2014, October 3). LockA locked padlock Organization profile. government first identified Peace-Boudreau as a place of special significance in 1969 — a legally binding declaration to conserve it for the benefit of regionally and internationally significant fish and wildlife species. Report of the Joint Review Panel – Site C Clean Energy Project. The sheer amount of references in this article shows that the authors were taking an unbiased approach to the topic and considering the issue from all potential points of view. The Site C Project is a large earth-filled dam currently under construction on the Peace River, near the city of Fort St Johns, British Columbia. There were 1,144 workers on site from the Peace River Regional District – that's 26% of the construction and non-construction contractor’s workforce. It also shows that, in general, the effects of dams are universal, allowing me to apply general research done on dams in other countries to Site C. I believe this paper is a reliable source since the authors are all highly qualified in their field of study and have published their article in a reputable, peer-reviewed journal. Retrieved from: http://www.arcgis.com/apps/MapSeries/index.html?appid=c97e430ab54e4c479e1a4d80f95d5700. This treaty is in place to protect the traditional use of the lands by the First Nations, an agreement that will be violated by the Site C project. Developing alternative energy sources such as geothermal would be a much smaller investment that would allow the supply of energy to better match demand. Information Sheet about Site C. Site C Clean Energy Project, January 2015. First Nations and Métis families an… B.C. The panel concludes that there is no need for such a massive hydroelectric project in the near term and that smaller, less economically risky, and less environmentally costly alternatives exist that BC Hydro is not willing to invest in. Unlike reservoir dams, which are at built primarily for water storage or power generation, the spillway (opening) is built at the same height as the riverbed level, allowing the river to continue its natural flow in normal conditions. Retrieved from: http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100028809/1100100028811, Environmental Systems Research Institute. (2013). Water Policy, 11, 121-139. doi: 10.2166/wp.2009.108. This map shows the current status of all active flood insurance studies throughout the state. Lawyer Argues B.C. Studies have shown that the demand for electricity is elastic; people will change their consumption behavior depending on the price of electricity, suggesting the consumption of electricity will fall as price increases (Albadi and El-Saadany, 2008). FEMA provides a monthly summary to Congress providing details on flood risk mapping activities. Retrieved from http://theglobeandmail.com/, Stodalka, W. (2015, October 5). Implementing energy storage for peak-load shifting. (2015) Comparison of Electricity Prices in Major North American Cities. I believe this is a very reliable reference that brings forth an unbiased review of Site C. It is evident the review panel was not swayed by the interests of BC hydro, making the costs and benefits of all stakeholders involved in the project evident. The main arguments in this study are that the negative effects of dams are similar across the world and sustainable dam development lies in the ability of a countries citizens to advocate for protection of their livelihoods and the environment. Many people, especially those with lower incomes, might become upset and cause public uproar. This source is a peer-reviewed research paper that examines the social and environmental impacts of dams in different regions of the world that are at different stages of economic development. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/report-touts-accessible-geothermal-resources-potential-alternative-to-site-c/article21840527/, BC Hydro. Legislation leading to the current situation began with the province merging British Columbia Electric with British Columbia Power Commission to create the crown corporation BC Hydro (Ministry of Energy & Mines) in 1962. As with any project of this scale, there is some uncertainty and instability involved. Living with dams: Managing the environmental impacts. Time-of-use pricing also makes alternative green energy sources such as wind and solar more economically competitive because it causes the price of energy to be higher at peak hours. If you believe your property was incorrectly identified as a Special Flood Hazard Area, you may submit an application to FEMA for a formal determination and potential revision. A summary of demand response in electricity markets. Flood mapping is an important part of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), as it is the basis of the NFIP regulations and flood insurance requirements. Understanding flood zones and maps. This paper effectively draws on information from an enormous amount of other peer-reviewed journal articles to come to an overall understanding of the impacts of dams. Though broad climate change and clean air agreements can have some influence, the majority of control comes in the form of provincial and federal legislation. Adding to concerns: myriad earthquakes. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/british-columbia/lawyer-argues-bc-governments-approval-of-site-c-dam-violates-treaty-8/article24094333/, Hunter, J. Although former B.C. Turn all Relevant Past Flood Layers On The past flood event summary report summarises all past flood events within 2.5 kilometres of a chosen location on the map. Flood Map may be useful to some extent for flood risk assessment or in flood management, flood control etc. Flood Vendor Services Available to homeowners. (2015, April 27). It will be very useful for my research because of its over-arching findings and as well as its reference to many other papers on hydroelectric dams that I could potentially use for my research. Corson, R., Regan, R., and Carlson, S. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/, Government of British Columbia. The latest employment statistics show that there were 5,181 total workers on the Site C project in October 2020. For additional information or assistance, contact a Map Specialist in the FEMA Mapping and Insurance eXchange (FMIX). Flood Map can help to locate places at higher levels to escape from floods or in flood rescue/flood … The form may also be used by insurance agents, property owner, realtors and community officials for flood insurance related activities and flood zone documentation. Moreover, the report emphasizes that the economic benefits will come with significant negative social and environmental impacts that will be borne by the First Nations and residents of the Peace region. (2015). It focuses on the changes that have occurred since the creation of the British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro). [Video File]. Another challenge is the unforeseen consequences that could result from the raised electricity costs associated with a time-of-use system. The FEMA Flood Map Service Center (MSC) is the official online location to find all flood hazard mapping products created under the NFIP, including your community’s flood map. This construction involves numerous stakeholders, therefore different motivations regarding water use have appeared. The B.C. The Edmonton Journal. It also shows that, in general, the effects of dams are universal, allowing me to apply research done on dams in other countries to Site C. I believe this paper is a reliable source since the authors are all highly qualified in their field of study and have published their article in a reputable, peer-reviewed journal. WHAT IS A FLOOD MAP? Secondly, the report emphasizes the fact that the economic benefits will come with significant negative social and environmental impacts that will be borne by the First Nations and residents of the Peace region whose traditional activities are mainly based on local ecosystem services. (retrieved 2015). (2014). The BC provincial government would therefore have to lift the policies that bind BC Hydro to large scale non-renewable and hydroelectric energy projects if geothermal power is to be developed. However, the Canadian and BC government have both adopted climate change and clean air policies (Government of British Columbia, 2015). Primary motivation comes from the province that gains profit from the crown corporation’s energy sales. Treaty research report – Treaty Eight (1899). British Columbia Ministry of Energy & Mines. The Globe and Mail. A time-of-use pricing system would thus incentivize people to reduce their overall consumption of electricity in a day as well as shift their use of electricity from peak hours to non-peak hours (Herter, 2007). BC will accumulate a serious financial loss in the short term if Site C is developed (Ministry of Environment, 2014). Albadi, M.H. No evident local legislation exists that will have any impact on the Site C dam. Peace for a Valley. The only weakness to this report is that there are not sources cited for the various claims made, since this is not a primary source of literature. Your home’s flood risk can change over time due to weather patterns, land development, and erosion. Although the problems seem easy to define they are dynamic, as conditions could change drastically over the 100-year lifespan of the project. It is intended to give an overview of the Province of British Columbia’s industrial electricity policy. The author’s main argument is that many of the methods used to dampen the environmental effects of dams are not actually working and much more must be done to improve the protection of the environment in dam projects. Retrieved from: http://www.hydroquebec.com/publications/en/corporate-documents/comparaison-electricity-prices.html, Madill, D. F. K. (1986). This flooded area is likely to cause massive alterations of ecosystem and biodiversity. And yet the Site C reservoir would flood up to 30 per cent of these critical ecosystems, including all the islands. It takes a lot of power to supply electricity to many consumers all at once (i.e. Morison, A. (2015). Significant amounts credible research was put into this report that encompasses all aspects of the impacts of the dam. It would not be in the best interest of our current Liberal provincial government to change the pricing of electricity in BC since they could lose current supporters and therefore future elections. (2012). It is not the most reliable report, since there is an obvious bias present throughout the document. The report goes into great detail about all aspects of the project and outlines the costs and benefits in terms of the environmental, social, and economic dimensions of Site C. In particular, the report states that Site C has potential to create significant economic benefits for future electricity consumers in British Columbia and that greenhouse emissions in BC could be reduced by investing in hydroelectric power instead of to LNG power. Check your risk of flooding: get current flood warnings, check the 5-day forecast or use flood maps An official website of the United States government. In any case, it is evident that the costs of implementing the dam far outweigh its benefits, and many viable alternatives exist. Site C dam would result in the largest withdrawal from the agricultural land reserve in BC's history. There has not been any proof showing absolute necessity of the Site C dam, in fact alternatives are lined out in the Joint Panel Review (Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, 2014). If completed, it would be the third in a series of dams on the Peace River, which already contributes one third of the energy produced in the province [1]. On the one hand, federal and provincial governments seek to increase the share of hydropower throughout the Province, while on the other, First Nations people along with local populations are afraid of the environmental impacts such a massive construction could have on biodiversity and their traditional practices. Counties shows here are in the various stages of mapping including discovery, engineering analysis, floodplain mapping, preliminary and effective. There are, however, several limitations and challenges that arise with this approach to energy conservation. The panel worked under Canada’s Minister of the Environment and the British Columbia Minister of Environment. As a group, we have come to the conclusion that there is no need for such a massive hydroelectric project in the near term. ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Currently, residential consumers of electricity in BC have the third lowest rates in North America (Hydro Quebec, 2015). FEMA's flood mapping program is called Risk Mapping, Assessment, and Planning, or Risk MAP. FEMA maintains and updates […] Retrieved from: https://www.bchydro.com/content/dam/BCHydro/customer-portal/documents/projects/site-c/site-c-eis-executive-summary.pdf. 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