“The best evidence is anything that can be linked to a unique, single, specific source. In combination with other evidence in a case, it can demonstrate that a limited number of people had all of the characteristics associated with evidence left by a perpetrator. One major distinction is between physical and biological evidence. Forensic scientists classify evidence in different ways and have specific ways of dealing with it. The individual x is a man. Announcements and Assignments for next week II. What are individual characteristics? Characteristics of Social Stratification. Examples are fingerprints, handwriting, DNA patterns, and sometimes physical matches, such as a piece of broken glass that exactly fits to its mate (like a jigsaw puzzle piece). Examples of class evidence include blood type, fibers, and paint. In order to classify levels of evidence for the different categories listed above, it was necessary to derive the following table of “Classifications of Evidence”. CLASS AND INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTIC EVIDENCE Class: a group of objects or persons with characteristic physical evidence common to it Examples include soil and hair Individual characteristics can be identified as having originated with a particular person or source Both class and individual evidence have value; however, it typically takes considerably more class evidence (and time for collection and analysis) to have the same weight and significance as a single item of individual evidence. Define things by their use Developing a sense of humor Communicate best within a small group of peers May need guidance of adult when starting a new task Physical Social-Emotional Cognitive Middle Years Grades 2-3 (7-9 years) Enthusiastic about games Experiencing improvement in both gross and fine motor skills Possess a high activity level Class characteristics – Measurable features of a specimen that indicate a restricted group source. 2. Comparison C. Define Individual vs. Class Characteristics- Give examples To use these Classes of Evidence, one must identify the Type of study, and then classify it according to the following table, e.g., Type = Reliability, Classification = Class 1-2. Therefore, the individual x is mortal. The four types of evidence is physical evidence, documentary evidence, demonstrative evidence and testimony. If the class characteristics of the two prints are not in agreement, then the first print is automatically eliminated. Class vs. The following are characteristics that are noticible when a physical change is happening. Such as bruise, diffused bite mark, a smoking ring or, a faint bite mark. Similarly, evidence that possesses individual characteristics may be referred to as individual evidence. The conclusion (Q) is deduced from this argument and its hypothesis: P → Q (conditional statement) P (hypothesis is proposed) Q (conclusion is deduced) It turns out that although viruses can attack living organisms, cause diseases, and even reproduce, they do not meet the criteria that biologists use to define life. Types of deductive reasoning Law of detachment . Measurable characteristics of matter may be categorized as either chemical or physical properties. ... it is possible to distinguish one type of glass from another based on the different chemical and physical properties. List the common types of physical evidence B. They are distinct and an extremely useful form of forensic evidence. First, the class characteristics are compared. Social identity refers to social categorizations of self and others, self-categories which define the individual in terms of his or her shared similarities with members of certain social categories in contrast to other social categories. 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