Dip slope - the gentle slope formed by the upper plane of the dipping, harder bed of rock in a cuesta . Author: Created by morgancc. Avid movie-goer, reader, skier and language learner. ​​The relationship between hazards and disasters can be understood using the hazard risk equation. ; Ablation zone The lower portion of a glacier where there is a net annual loss of ice due to melting and sublimation. Geography Definitions. geography. and "Definitions of Geography" on this site. A Level Geography ~ Key Definitions. Moreover, oceans … Definitions are sourced from Wikipedia, Wiktionary and other geography online resources. Meteorology: a subbranch of physical geography that involves the study of the atmosphere. Ocean Current: the flow of ocean water in a defined direction. This shows the intersection between a hazardous natural event, such as an earthquake, hurricane or landslide and a vulnerable population which experiences human and/or economic loss, to create a disaster. Appendix 3: Definitions 94 Appendix 4: Exam command word definitions 95 Appendix 5: Geography independent investigation form 96 Appendix 6: Descriptions of the level of independence required at different stages of the Independent Investigation 98 Appendix 7: Independent investigation mark sheet 100 Appendix 8: Fieldwork statement 107 The earth is divided by the equator into two hemispheres: the Northern and the Southern. Urban Climate: the current climate condition of a large metropolitan area that is different from the climate experienced in rural areas. For example, a farmer's yield of corn varies from year to year. Definitions of Systems and Models As suggested in the previous section, a system is a assemblage of interrelated parts that work together by way of some driving process (see Figure 4b-1 ). Fauna: all the animal life present in a particular region or time. A list of key term definitions for use in the exams. Ice sheets can currently be found in Antartica and Greenland. A Glossary of Geography Terms and Definitions. All images are public domain or displayed under the Creative Commons Licences and are duly attributed. Ravine: narrower than a canyon and the product of stream cutting erosion; usually very narrow and quite deep. Plateau: a large area of flat and relatively high ground. PhysicalGeography.net | GLOSSARY OF TERMS HOME. geologic time. Deforestation: the malicious act of cutting down trees and clearing forests for human use. Humidity: the damp heaviness in the air is known as humidity. Jet Stream: an airstream having a high-velocity and high-altitude which blows from the west to the east. Archipelago: a group of islands such as the Galapagos or Hawaii. Savanna: tropical grasslands with scattered vegetation primarily located on the African continent. 5-10 hours learning time ; 20 videos, downloads and activities ; All students preparing for mock exams, other assessments and the summer exams for Edexcel A-Level Geography. Atmosphere and Weather. "Geography is the subject which holds the key to our future." Biogeography: the geographic study of the distribution of animals and plants on the planet. They are all the key terms needed for the costal topic. Wind Erosion: the erosion of material caused by the action of wind. Fossil Fuel: a natural fuel such as gas or coal; it is a fuel source that is formed by natural processes or organisms that have existed for millions of years. Latitude: imaginary horizontal lines on the Earth that are utilised to specify the north or south position of a coordinate on the Earth's surface. A range of natural hazards and is highly exposed. Volcano: a landform or mountain that through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapour, and gas erupt from the earth's crust. Geothermal: a source of heat that originates from the Earth. Without further ado, Superprof has lovingly created a glossary of the most essential geography terms for budding geographers. Imagine how many processes and systems are in the oceans, and not only that, they are home of uncountable species known and unknown. (P: role of planners, engineers) If vulnerability rises (poverty, lack of preparedness, lack of awareness of potential hazards,) so does risk; Significantly high natural hazard component due to the potential for tsunami and earthquakes (and floods and storms). Greenhouse Effect: a complex phenomenon when the gases in the Earth's trap the solar radiation as a consequence of atmospheric carbon dioxide, water vapour, and methane. Migration . A threshold level is often used to determine whether the impact of an event is large enough to be considered a disaster, such as: ​Risks can be understood by perception, and the point when a population or community chooses to adjust - varies by type of hazard and attitudes of decision makers. Sandbar: a long and narrow sandbank that is usually located near the mouth of a river. To increase the ability to recall essential definitions from geography, the following are the most common geographic terms from the letters A to F. Altitude: the vertical height above the sea level. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Early Definitions of Geography . VEI 6 eruption compared with a VEI 3). I created this resource for A Level AQA Geography (2017+ Course), but they could be used for any exam board. Aeolian: Relating to wind action.Named after Greek god of winds, Aeolus. Zeugen: a mushroom-shaped rock that has been eroded by the intense action of windblown sand. Welcome to the ITS Education Asia comprehensive source of definitions for Geography related terms. It remains dry all year except for during the rainy season. (However older people in Japan still relatively vulnerable - 2011 tsunami killed 15,000 and 9500 injured or missing. For example, the Scotch Thistle, the Bog Myrtle, and the Gorse is all typical flora of Scotland. GCSE Population Glossary. 1. FUNDAMENTALS eBOOK See "What is Geography?" Read this link to learn about famous volcanic eruptions. The following definitions begin with the letters G, H, I, J, K, L, and M and aid geography students to remember essential terms. 3. Such lines vary in length, thickness, and spacing, with steeper slopes indicated by shorter, heavier, and more closely spaced lines. Strategies to modify the event include land-use zoning, hazard-resistant design and engineering defences as well as the diversion of lava flows. Ablation – Wastage of glacial ice through melting and sublimation. Myanmar is ranked 7th out of 190 nations, meaning disaster risk to elderly citizens is very high. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). Moderate risk though a relatively low score - few shocks in recent years. Human Geography. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Waterlogged: an object is heavily filled with water; it seems to be heavy or unmanageable. Geography is the study and revision of physical features of the Earth and its atmosphere; the three major branches of geography are Human Geography, Physical Geography, and Environmental Geography. Landslide: not just a famous song recorded by Fleetwood Mac, a landslide is the sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff. ... Sea-level Change: Sea-level change is a change in the volume of water in the seas and oceans, with respect to a change in the position of the land. Tectonic Processes and Hazards Key Term Definition Ash The very fine particles of rock ejected during a volcanic eruption. Updated_December 2015. Mostly found in deserts all over the world. Run-off: a term used for water from rain or melting snow that does not get absorbed into the soil. Preview. Vent: a pipe like opening in the earth's crust that directs the flow of volcanic material. Hydrology and Fluvial Geomorphology. Nevertheless, even with a failing memory, it is important to recall that geography rules! These particles form part of the tephra, which is a term for all sizes of ejected volcanic material. Stratosphere: part of the earth's atmosphere that lies below the mesosphere and the troposphere. Evaporation: the process of water turning into vapour is known as evaporation. hamlet A small human settlement, variably defined as one the size of a town, village, or parish or as a smaller subdivision of or satellite entity to a larger settlement. Atmosphere: defined as an envelope of air, gases, and suspended articles surrounding the earth; 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, and 0.96% consisting of 19 other gases. Geography, a study of Earth, its lands, and its people, started in ancient Greece, with the study's name defined by the scholar and scientist Eratosthenes, who calculated a relatively close approximation of the circumference of Earth.Thus, this academic field started with mapping the land. Abrasion: The wearing away, scouring action of a river/glacial load. Katabatic: a wind that is commonly known as a drainage wind that carries high-intensity air from an elevated point down a slope with the forces of gravity. Welcome to your Geography for Cambridge International AS & A Level website. Comments welcome in the Forum. Archipelago: a group of islands such as the Galapagos or Hawaii. While every effort is made to ensure accuracy, we apologizing in advance for any mistakes. Omnivore: not a herbivore and not a carnivore, omnivores refer to animals or people who indulge in both plants and meat. Age-Sex Pyramid (Population Pyramid): a series of horizontal bars that illustrate the structure of a population.The horizontal bars represent different age categories, which are placed on either side of a central vertical axis. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Vulnerability is high compared to other wealthy nations due to the ageing population, but is still low risk. lol. The eastern and western hemisphere can also be divided by the meridian. Tags: A Level Exams, A Level Geography, Entrance Exams Smart flashcards can help you memorise all the terms and various concepts for your A Level Geography Exam. The risk of disaster rises if the hazard magnitude rises (e.g. By definition, disasters have to involve people and they occur at the intersection of people and hazards as shown by the Degg Model: This shows the intersection between a hazardous natural event, such as an earthquake, hurricane or landslide and a vulnerable population which experiences human and/or economic loss, to create a disaster. Habitat: the area or region where a species of animals or plants reside. A good idea would be to get your students to create a running total every time they use one of the words in their notes, exam answers etc. Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. Grade Booster Digital+ Autumn 2020 Edexcel A-Level Geography. Monsoon: a prevailing seasonal wind that occurs during two seasons: summer (wet monsoon) and winter (dry monsoon). Subject specific vocabulary All terms stated in the specification can be used in the exam. Drought: a prolonged time with less than average rainfall which can negatively affect living conditions. The calendar of the earth's history since its birth 4.6 billion years ago; geologic time is … Cartography: the art of making maps or mapping. 3.1B Transport Technology and Globalisation, 3.2 Political and Economic Decision Making, 7C Economic Development and Environmental Impact, 8B Controlling the Spread of Globlisation, 4A.1B Economic Activity and Social Factors, 4A.1A Changing Function and Characteristics, 4A.6 Evaluating the need for Regeneration, 6C Representation and Need for Regeneration, 10A Measuring the Success of Regeneration, 12A Restructuring and Contested Decisions, 7.5 Superpowers and International Decision Making, 7.6 Superpowers and the Physical Environment, 7.6C Middle-Class Consumption on Emerging Powers, 7.8A Emerging Powers and the Developing World, 8.2 Variations in Health and Life Expectancy, 8.3A The relationship between economic and social development, 8.5A Human Rights Vs Economic Development, 8.8 the Positive and Negative of Development, 2B.2C Geological Structure and Cliff Profiles, 2B.3B Rock Strata and Complex Cliff Profiles, 4C Coastal Landscapes Produced by Erosion, 8C Temporal Variations in Coastal Recession, 9A Local Factors that Increase Coastal Flood Risk, A - Economic and Social Losses from Recession, 2B: 12 Integrated Coastal Zone Management, 1B Importance and Size of Stores and Fluxes, 5.4 Deficits within the Hydrological Cycle, 5.8 Consequences and Risks of Water Insecurity, 8A - Causes and Pattern of Physical and Economic Scarcity, 5.9C Integrated Drainage Basin Management, 6.1C - Geological Processes Releasing Carbon, 6.2 Biological Processes Sequestering Carbon, 6.3 Human Activity Altering the Carbon Cycle, 6.6C Radical Technologies to Reduce Carbon Emissions, 6.7 Human Activity Threatening the Carbon and Water Cycles. There are different definitions of ‘geography and many misconceptions; many people have a vague knowledge of what geography is, it was thought to be about names of towns and rivers and population of people all over the world. Typical fauna of Bolivia includes the alpaca, the Andean flamingo, and the capybara. North Pole: the point on the Northern Hemisphere of the earth that is farthest North; 90 degrees North of the equator. Created: May 14, 2018 | Updated: Oct 11, 2018. -Michael Palin. Start studying a level geography edexcel water cycle definitions. Wadi: an Arabic term for a valley or ravine located in the Middle East or Northern Africa. There you have it geography enthusiasts, 60 plus of the most common geography words and definitions that should be referred to when studying geographic information; we all forget sometimes and well-organised glossaries aid our memory to recall essential facts and explanations. Over 1500 terms defined. Topographic Map: a large-scale map that represents both natural and man-made two-dimensional surface features. Toxic Waste: waste material that is composed of chemical compounds which can cause serious illness or death if inhaled or consumed. Quarry: an open-air mine from which rocks and minerals can be extracted. Biodiversity: the assortment of species, flora and fauna, found in a specific area. Geography Glossaries Comprehensive glossaries of Human and Physical Geography terms and definitions, including Agriculture, Coasts, Glaciation, Industry, Population, Rivers, Settlement, Urban Studies, Weather and Climate. Ice Sheet: massive layers of ice covering an extensive area that is superior to 50,000 square kilometres. Ace your test with our … Geography vocabulary and glossary: population. Some large insurers define it as economic losses of over $1.5 million, they have emergency evacuation, rescue and relief systems in place, they react by helping each other, to reduce numbers affected, hazard-resistant design or land-use planning have reduced the numbers at risk. _____ "Reversed" levels, "What next?" Cambridge A level Geography Definition List by Unit (no rating) 0 customer reviews. The oceans are part of the carbon cycle, moderate and influence the climate and weather patterns. Ready to learn. I hope to continue to add words leading up to the summer exams. Geography terms and Definitions starting with A | UPSC – IAS. Ecosystem: known as a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment working together and interacting as one whole system. Environment: it is everything that is around us; all living or non-living things occurring naturally and coexisting together. Although Japan is highly exposed it's ranked 133rd out of 190 due to strong coping capacity and lower levels of vulnerability. Want to know common geography expressions that start with the letters, N, O, P, Q, R, and S? Administration • : the management responsible for people living and working in a region. Here you will find: activities with guidance on how to answer resource-based, structured and extended writing questions (On your marks) a glossary containing all the key terms you … Natural Resources: substances that occur naturally in nature and have a commercial value. Oasis: a fertile watering hole in a geographically arid place such as a desert. Physical Weathering: also commonly known as mechanical weathering, is the breaking down of rocks by natural agents such as wind and running water. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. This ScienceStruck article lists the comprehensive compilation of geography definitions, geographical terms, and terminology. The study of the earth's physical and human features. Discharge - the volume of water in a channel passing a particular point in a particular time, usually cubic metres per second or cumecs . Matches past-paper answers so that pupils learn exactly the right definition … Flora: the plants of a specific region, geographic location, or geological period. For a more thorough definition visit this link. Longitude: imaginary verticle lines used to determine exact geographic coordinates that run along the eastern and western hemisphere of the earth. It is the result of the water vapour content in the atmosphere. Active plate margin: The leading edge continent is at a plate margin. Magma: molten rock that is below the surface of the earth; found in the mantle or crust of the planet. Passionate about life, food and travelling. Did you that geography has five themes and that there are distinct types of geography? To increase the ability to recall essential definitions from geography, the following are the most common geographic terms from the letters A to F. Altitude: the vertical height above the sea level. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. 2. Pesticide: chemical substances used to exterminate pests or insects and prevent their infestation. When studying an academic discipline that features much intricate terminology such as geography, it is crucial to depend upon a glossary. Biofuel: a fuel that is derived from living or natural matter; gas, alcohol, and dead biological materials are known as biofuel. Delta: a triangular plain at the end or mouth of a river where the soil is deposited. Thanks for your patience. Global Warming: a gradual increase in the Earth's temperature that has constantly been discussed by environmentalists in recent years. A glossary is an alphabetised list containing essential terms and definitions from a specific field of study. 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